NEWTT consists of piloting and testing different alternative pathways to teacher certification in 5 European countries (Austria, Bulgaria, Latvia, Romania, and the Basque Region of Spain) that are currently or will soon be facing shortages of effective teachers overall and especially in schools serving underprivileged communities (e.g., poor students, students from ethnic minorities, students from disadvantaged groups). The project is being run by 15 partners: 13 spread in national consortiums in the countries where the pilots are taking place, and 2 independent partners.